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You Are Here: Home > Personal Finance > Credit File Help > How to repair a bad Credit Rating
Last update : October 2013
How To Repair & Improve a Credit Rating
Last update : October 2013
Page Summary :

A good credit rating = financial options. Want a mortgage, credit card, loan etc, they're usually no problem if your credit file is clean.

The reverse is true with a bad credit rating. This page explains some simple steps to improve your credit score.

Important - How bad is your credit?

There are a number of different credit improvement strategies listed on this page. If you're interested in repairing or just improving yours the first thing I'd advise is to take a few minutes to estimate your credit rating.

Then, depending on how good or bad it is take some or all of the strategies listed below. For example, if it's bad try to take all the steps as well as undertaking some emergency credit repair strategies.

But if your rating is fine and you're just looking to improve and strengthen it then less work will obviously have to be done.

Remember: Nobody gets a good credit rating - you have to earn one.

This page also assumes you've read Credit File Basics and therefore have a sound knowledge of what a Credit File is, how it's scored and why it's so important.

    Unfortunately many people have a tarnished credit rating, even those with well paid jobs, little or no debt, and money in the bank.

    A bad credit rating will normally be the result of -

    • A series of bills being paid late
    • A Default or County Court Judgment (CCJ) being lodged against your name
    • Other details including not being eligible to vote (registered on the electoral roll)
    Improving a credit file depends on how bad it is. For example, if it's bad because of some wrong information or you've been a chronic late payer of bills, that's fairly easy to sort out, just take the steps on this page.

    Unfortunately it's hard, can take time and is not always possible to sort out problems caused by a Default or CCJ. If you have a Default then here are some articles to help -

    Repairing your credit rating is a 4 step process:
    Step 1: Credit File Audit
    We've created a free XX page guide in PDF format of how to conduct your personal Credit File Audit. You'll need to register below (we only require your name and email address) and it will be emailed to you instantly.

    Add email and get your Free Personal Credit Audit Guide

    • Add your name and email address and you'll be instantly emailed the free guide
    • By registering you'll also receive our bi-monthly Credit File newsletter which will contain further information and strategies for improving and maintaining a strong credit file
    • Every email comes with a simple 'unsubscribe link' if you want to cancel
    • We also respect your privacy and will never rent or sell your email address - our privacy policy

      The guide contains all the information you'll need to -

      1. Properly check your credit file (which is held with 3 separate Credit Reporting Agencies), and
      2. Details of how to correct any mistakes and errors

    Step 1 summary - The first goal, which is the foundation of a good credit rating, is to make sure all your personal and financial information is correct.

    Sadly however the CRAs hold a lot of incorrect data which must be first cleared up.

    Step 2: Make sure you're on the Electoral Roll
    A lender will use your credit file to try to assess your future ability to repay a credit agreement on time and within the agreement's terms. One dominant factor to determining whether you're a good risk or not is to look for stability.

    This is obviously common sense. Most of us would rather do business with people we view as stable, rather than unstable. One excellent sign of stability is whether you're registered on the electoral roll as most good citizens are (even if they don't vote).

    So if you're not registered to vote and want to improve your credit rating then you must get registered.

    Step 2 summary - It's impossible to have a great credit rating unless you're registered to vote. Note, that if you do register the information will take between 1 and 2 months to show up on your credit file.

    Step 3: Apply for more credit
    A Credit rating will always improve when you do the following -
    • Borrow money - repay it on time : borrow money - repay it on time etc

    And that's what this step is all about. You want to open at least 1 and maybe 2 or more credit card accounts, use them every month, then make the repayments every month and on time. The goal of this step is to -

    1. Get some more credit accounts appearing on your credit file (that's a good thing), and
    2. Flood your credit file with lots of positive repayment ticks so it starts to read -
    • This person borrows money every month, then repays it on time
    • So they're running their account(s) in a responsible fashion

    The process takes time, between 6 - 18 months, and it can't be done any quicker as time is one of the factors to improving a credit file.

    What if you can't qualify for a Credit Card
    Chances are you can qualify.

    Here are 2 of the best credit cards which are specifically aimed at those with damaged credit files, including if you've got CCJs and/or Defaults.

    Vanquis Credit Card

    Although it's normally very easy for people to qualify there are a few restrictions -

    • You haven't applied for a Vanquis card in the last 6 months
    • You're able to verify your address (e.g. bank statements, utility bills, landline)
    • You're not in the midst of declaring bankruptcy
    • You're registered on the electoral role - See how to get on the electoral roll
    • You're 18+
    • Representative 39.9% APR variable

    If you fulfill the above then you should have no problems in qualifying for the card.

    Capital One Classic Card

    Similar guidelines to the Vanquis card -

    • You're able to verify your address (e.g. bank statements, utility bills, landline)
    • You haven't been declared bankrupt in the last 12 months
    • You're registered on the electoral role - See how to get on the electoral roll
    • You have some history of managing your credit even if you have had CCJs and/or defaults in the past

    If you fulfill the above then you should have no problems in qualifying for the card.

    The credit limit on these cards will be small, usually no more than £500 (this is a good thing as spending cannot get out of control), plus the interest rates can be high, in excess of 30%. But a high rate should be of no concern as the aim is to repay the balance in full by the due date.

    I would also advise applying for the 2 cards (Vanquis - Capital One card) even if you already have a credit card. Having 3 or more cards as I indicated above is an advantage when trying to rebuild your credit score as it means further credit agreements signed and more monthly borrowing and repaying.

    Step 3 summary - The more credit accounts you have and the more monthly repayments you make will go a long way to diluting the negative information that's on your present credit file.

    Step 4: - Slightly alter your spending habits
    Spending money via a debit card will never improve your credit file because debit cards don't offer credit, ie the ability to borrow money.

    Instead of using your debit card (or cash) for all or part of your monthly budget start to use your credit card(s).

    • By using 1 or more credit card every month you're borrowing money every month
    • And if you repay the monthly balance in full, a lovely positive repayment tick gets entered on your credit file

    Step 4 summary - Keep this borrowing/repaying plan going for 6-12 months and it can work wonders to improve your credit rating. This is because you're building a positive financial history.

    LearnMoney comment:
    As long as you haven't got any defaults or CCJs on your credit file it shouldn't take more than 6-18 months to clean up your rating. It takes nothing more than -
    1. Correct errors + registration on the Electoral Roll - should take no more than 2 months - See how to audit your Credit File

    2. Borrowing money via your Credit Card(s) every month - and repaying these debts before they're due, ie the statement date, and

    3. Time and patience - Sadly this process cannot be speeded up so give it 6-12+ months to work
    Also, if you have a mortgage, a mobile phone contract (not PAYG) or any other credit agreement (perhaps a sofa on the HP), it's critical to make sure all those monthly payments get settled on time.

    When it comes to improving your credit score, on time means the payment goes through at least 1 week, preferably 2, before the official due date. This means there's plenty of time to clear up any errors (perhaps the money wasn't credited to your account, or got lost etc).

    Finally, don't forget that nobody is just given a good credit rating - you have to earn one. What this means is simple - if you're not willing to do the necessary work there's a good chance your personal credit file will never be as strong or as clean as it could be.....

    Good luck!

    FREE REPORT - How to Audit Your Credit File
    With errors your rating will suffer
    4 simple steps to a clean up mistakes
    Don't discount the importance of your credit file - it's absolutely critical.....
    Click here for the FREE Credit File report
    Looking for something? Then search this site:

    • One secret to improving a credit rating is to improve your repayment history
    • Certain Credit Cards can used, most can qualify even if your credit rating is bad
    • Use them for small monthly purchases, then repay that month
    • The strategy works wonders - Read more

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